There are many different options for students who are seeking to further their education.
The following provides details about each type of degree available to you.
- This concentrates on a wide range of subjects (even though you major in one) and
gives you certain general intellectual skills, such as reading critically, writing
clearly, and arguing persuasively.
- There are two degree options available – associate's degree and bachelor's degree.
- An associate's degree typically takes about two years of study (depending on the
- A bachelor's degree typically takes about four to six years of study (depending
on the student).
- This involves specialized knowledge and concentrated study in one area, as students are more focused on acquiring specialized skills to practice a profession or do advanced research. (This does not mean that students take a number of additional courses.)
- Internships are generally part of the curriculum.
- There are two levels of graduate education – master’s and doctoral – and each can be obtained as a professional or research degree.
- Master’s, professional degree:
- takes 1-2 years of study
- gives you a specific set of skills needed to practice a particular profession
- involves some type of internship or fieldwork
- is generally a final degree
- Master’s, research degree:
- provides experience in research and scholarship
- involves writing a thesis or taking a comprehensive examination
- may be a final degree or a step toward a doctorate
- Doctoral, professional degree:
- most common degrees are the M.D. for medical practice and the J.D. for law
- Doctoral, research degree:
- involves training in research, providing the skills to discover new knowledge
- is the primary credential for college-level teaching
- involves both coursework and a major research project
- takes 4-6 years of full-time study to get a Ph.D
- This is sometimes referred to as technical education, since the students directly
develop expertise in a particular group of techniques or technology.
- The students are prepared for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities,
that are traditionally non-academic, and that relate to a specific trade, occupation,
- The length of study typically varies depending on the area of study.
- Vocational study exists in industries such as retail, tourism, information technology,
funeral services, and cosmetics.
Distance Learning (or Education)
- The objective is to deliver education to students who are not physically "on
site" at a traditional classroom or campus.
- The process creates and provides access to learning when the source of information
and the learners are separated by time, distance, or both.
- Courses that require a physical on-site presence for any reason (including taking
examinations) are considered a hybrid or blended course of study.